The dangers of untreated sleep apnea
No one plans to be groggy on the job. And it’s not always caused by simply staying up too late. Sleep apnea, a severe health risk, affects more than 12 million Americans, according to the American Lung Association.
Some sufferers could be running machines in factories, getting sleepy behind the wheel or having other health issues because of the condition. Dana Reihman, MD, pulmonary and sleep medicine specialist, said the condition can vary in severity. If left untreated, it can also lead to other serious health problems.
“With obstructive sleep apnea, you wake up so much at night that you don’t get into a deep sleep, and therefore tend to be tired during the day,” he said. The condition is more common in overweight men but can affect people of all genders and weight.
With the obstructive condition, the tongue blocks the airway and causes the person to stop breathing while asleep. When it happens, the person actually starts to smother. This generates an adrenaline reaction that jolts the person awake. This happens over and over, leading to a lack of rest and challenges in staying awake during the day.
Dr. Reihman, who is medical director of the Reid Health Sleep Center, said the adrenalin reaction over time also creates other imbalances including blood glucose and can affect the cardiovascular system as well. The condition reduces productivity and increases the risk of injury both to workers and others, especially for truck drivers.
“This tends to be a disease of truck drivers,” Dr. Reihman said. In fact, he said anyone applying for a CDL license with a collar size greater than 17 inches is required to prove they do not have the condition by having a sleep evaluation.
The best way to assess and diagnose it is a sleep study. The Reid Health Sleep Center can perform up to 24 studies a week in its Chester Boulevard facility. A study involves sleeping the night in a comfortable, home-like environment while being monitored with sensors and with a sleep technician on hand.
A less detailed home test is also available. The most common treatment for someone with the condition is Continuous Positive Airway Pressure – commonly called C-PAP – therapy. This involves wearing a mask connected to a small machine that keeps the airway open with air pressure.
Diagnosing and successfully treating sleep apnea can be life-changing for someone who suffers from the exhausting condition. And it can be life-saving for someone who works with machinery, or even gets behind the wheel on a regular basis.
For more information about Reid Health Sleep Center: (765) 983-7966.
For more information about certified CDL exams: (765) 983-3149.